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Curtis' Mission

Wednesday, August 10, 2005

National Anthem Of Brazil

Curtis wrote this to me in his weekly email:
"And if you still download music, download the National Anthem of Brazil. Its a good one. I had it buzzin' in my head all day yesterday."

I wonder if is taste in music is starting to change?

  • Listen To Hino Nacional Brasileiro

  • Read the Lyrics

  • The Brazilian National Anthem is sufficient grounds for the fame of its composer, Francisco Manuel. Through its admirably warm and spirited melody, it took its place as the national anthem before it was accorded any official recognition. Various changes made to it have not distorted its essence, though they have softened its martial tone. Originally composed in a purely orchestral version for military band, it has been the various texts which have been set to it, especially that of Osório Duque Estrada in 1922, which have somewhat spoilt it.

    The history of the anthem is the subject of controversy. In the view of some, it was composed for Brazilian Independence, others believe it was written for the 7th of April and performed on the 13th to a text attributed to Ovídio Saraiva de Carvalho e Silva, in which there are references to "a wise reign" and "a Brazilian monarch", the 7th of April being taken as the dawn of Brazilian liberty. A third view is that of Souza Pitanga and Ernesto Sena, supported by Alberto Nepomuceno who writes: "In the same year (1841), at perhaps the height of his career, Francisco Manuel composed the anthem to celebrate the coronation of the second Emperor of Brazil, showing himself to be a composer of great merit in this inspired work, which still animates the national soul today.

    Decree No.15671 of the 6th of September 1922 officially adopted the words of Osório Duque Estrada, written in 1909, the first version of it. Law No. 259 of the 1st of October 1936 prescribed the version of Leopoldo Miguez for orchestral performance, and the version by Lt. Antonio Pinto Junior of the Federal District Fire Brigades, for military band, in the original key of B Flat; and finally a version in F by Alberto Nepomuceno for singing:

    Music: Francisco Manuel da Silva (1795/1865)
    Verses: Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada (1870/1927)


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